IUI is a low-tech Assisted Reproductive technique (ART) and the most commonly used method of artificial insemination. It is a medical procedure used in treating some cases of infertility during which washed and concentrated sperm is placed directly into the uterus around the time a woman is ovulating. IUI can significantly increase the likelihood of conception.
IUI is believed to improve conception by the following ways:
- By placing the sperms directly inside the womb, we decrease the Travel Time of the Sperm to reach the egg in the ampulla of the fallopian tube where fertilization occurs thereby increasing the probability of conception.
- Also by placing the sperms directly inside the womb thereby bypassing the cervix, we increase the number of sperms reaching the fallopian tubes.
- Finally, IUI is most commonly combined with ovulation induction, in which medication is used to induce ovulation, or superovulation, which stimulates the release of multiple eggs in one month. In such cases, conception is further enhanced.